The temperature has started rising again. In many parts of the country, the temperature has reached above 45 degrees. That is, you can say that there is a very hot summer. Right now this temperature can go up even more. The temperature in Nagpur, Maharashtra has reached 46.5 degrees while in Akola it is 46 degrees. Many areas of North India including Rajasthan are also getting very hot.
After all, what is the extent of extreme heat that we can tolerate? Many times the heat increases so much that the body cannot tolerate it. With increasing heat, the body’s condition starts to change and deteriorate. At this time the body needs a lot of attention. In this connection, we know how our body reacts in the scorching heat.
Question – When does heat stress occur?
– Talking about the effect of rising temperature on the human body, doctors and researchers often use the term ‘heat stress’. Explaining the heat stress, Associate Professor Dey at IIT Delhi says, “When our body is in extreme heat, it tries to maintain its core temperature. Depending on the environment and physical conditions, how the body is able to maintain its core temperature, we also feel tired.
Question- What are the symptoms of heat stress?
Regarding the symptoms of heat stress, Dr. Sanjeev Bagai of the Nephron Clinic says that if the mercury crosses 40 degrees, it becomes difficult for the body. Although the effect is different in different situations, Dr. Bagai, while showing the symptoms appearing normally, says, “If the mercury is 40 to 42 degrees, there are complaints like headache, vomiting and lack of body water. If the mercury is 45 degrees, low blood pressure due to complaints like fainting, dizziness or nervousness are common complaints.
Question – What happens if we stay in the temperature between 48 to 50 degrees?
– If you stay in the temperature 48 to 50 degrees or more longer, then the muscles can respond completely and death can also occur. Like last year with passengers of Kerala Express near Jhansi. Needless to say that children, old, pregnant women or sick people can fall prey in such situations.
Question – Chemistry of body and heat
– Normal temperature of human body is 98.4 degree Fahrenheit or 37.5 to 38.3 degree Celsius. This does not mean that you should not feel hot at a temperature of 38 or 40 degrees Celsius. In fact, it is the core temperature of the body. That is, a lower temperature can also be felt at the skin level.
Question – Why does the air feel more hot?
This happens because air is not a conductor of heat. In easy language, understand that you compare the temperature with the environment coming in contact with your body. When your body comes in contact with air, the temperature of the air is transferred to your body, but your body temperature does not transfer to the air because air is not a good conductor of heat. But there is water. When you come in contact with water, your body temperature is transferred to water. This is the reason why water with a temperature of 45 or 50 degrees Celsius does not make you feel as hot as air with this temperature.
Question- How does the body react when the temperature rises?
According to clinical researches, the body reacts in a particular pattern when the temperature rises. More than 70 percent of the body is made up of water. That is, our body’s water struggles with heat to keep the body temperature constant in rising temperature. Sweating is part of this process. But if the body remains in this process for a long time, then there is a lack of water in the body.
Question – What kind of symptoms start happening in the body at this time?
Every body reacts according to its effect as soon as there is scarcity of water. Some may feel dizzy, some may get headache and some may also faint. Actually, the lack of water affects the whole process of breathing. Because of this, there is more pressure on the heart and lungs to maintain blood flow. It is also natural to affect blood pressure.
The flow of blood quickly affects the brain. So headache is usually the first symptom. Doctors advise migraine patients to avoid excessive heat altogether. Heat stroke can be the worst after these results. A study found that 28 percent of those who suffered badly of heat stroke died within a year despite treatment.
If your skin dries, the tongue and lips dry, red marks appear on the skin, muscle weakens, then you should understand that the rising temperature is affecting your body significantly.
Question – Why can’t the body tolerate water loss?
– Water is the life source of our body, so we have the most water in our body. Sweating in summer reduces not only water but also salt. Water is necessary for every organ. If there is a lack of water in the body due to 40 to 45 degree Celsius temperature and persists for a long time, it can have serious consequences such as heat stroke, heart stroke or brain haemorrhage.