Hospital workers often come to work with contagious respiratory illnesses, against the recommendations of public health regulators, a Canadian study suggests.
Nearly all of the 2,093 health care workers in the study who had such symptoms came to work at some point while sick.
For the study, published in the Journal of Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, nurses, doctors, and support staff at nine hospitals across Canada filled in online illness diaries during four flu seasons, recording symptoms such as a runny or stuffy nose, fever, cough or scratchy throat.
Of the 1,036 participants who had contagious respiratory illnesses during the study period, 52% reported working on every scheduled day of work and 94.6% reported working at least one day of their illness.
The most common reason given for working while sick was that the illness seemed mild and manageable. Compared to other health care workers, physicians were more likely to work while sick and nurses were less likely.
But nurses who thought their managers expected them to show up unless they were too sick were more likely to feel obligated to work.
For most people, in fact, feeling obligated was a driving factor behind their decision to come to work sick, as was their perceptions of what managers expected from them. Younger workers, and workers without paid sick leave, were more likely to say they could not afford to stay home.
“It is only by knowing these reasons that managers and employers can take steps to mitigate the risk of infection to other people,” said Brenda Coleman, senior study author of the study from the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, in email to Reuters Health. Eleven percent of the hospital workers said they had come to work even while feeling miserable because they had “things to do.” Physicians were under-represented in the study, and self-reporting of the illnesses may also confound the results, the authors acknowledge in their report.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises healthcare workers to take seven days off or consider temporary reassignment if they have a fever and respiratory symptoms.
The research team suggests that changing sick leave policies and cultural norms could help reduce the risk of disease transmission from sick health care workers to patients.
Also needed, the researchers say, is an understanding of how to balance the costs and risks of absenteeism by sick workers against the costs and risks of illness transmission associated with working while ill.
How to get big dick? Here is the answer.
It’s common for a guy to wish his penis were bigger. But we have some good news for you, my dude: Research has shown that many men who worry about their manhoods are actually totally normal or average in size.
Here These 7 ways will help you
1) Getting a penile implant
2) Plastic surgery on your penis
3) Shaving your pubes with massage
4) Platelet-rich plasma injections
5) Jelqing (penis stretches)
6) Fat injections
7) Penis extenders
In India one guy giving natural methods and it works perfectly also he claims he got his 10 inches from 5 inches with his natural methods. His name is Appu and his skype name is famous for this.
His Skype id: appuz2323
mail id: [email protected]
Appuz the biggest Indian penis guy chaturbate profile about
There are many other videos supporting his statements available in search results but most of his videos are paid too due to the size of his penis.
Has the time come to quit vaping forever?
Allegations of illegal marketing tactics. More than 500 cases of severe lung illness in 38 states. Eight deaths. A proposed federal ban of most flavoured e-cigarettes, and new efforts in many states to counter an epidemic of youth vaping.
There’s been an avalanche of vaping news this month, which leaves many users facing a crucial question: Is it time to quit? Here’s a look at the issues.
First, how big is vaping?
E-cigarettes swept onto the market about a decade ago. They’re now a $2.6 billion industry in the United States, and roughly 20,000 vape and smoke shops have sprung up across the country in the past few years. There is also a thriving black market for vape pods. A survey last year found that 10.8 million American adults used e-cigarettes — and that more than half were also smoking cigarettes.
E-cigarettes have become especially popular among teenagers. Preliminary results from an annual survey sponsored by the National Institute on Drug Abuse and released on Wednesday found that one in four 12th graders said they had vaped in the previous month, a sharp rise from the previous year.
Young people are especially susceptible to nicotine addiction and may be more likely to take up regular cigarettes once they are hooked.
Is vaping safer than smoking?
There was an idea for a while that e-cigarettes, because they don’t generate smoke and tar, were safer than smoking cigarettes, or at least that they could help a smoker shift to a less dangerous alternative. But the mysterious spate of illnesses thrust concerns about vaping’s health effects into the spotlight. Many of the people who got sick were vaping THC, and the authorities are investigating what else black-market pods contain.
Albert Rizzo, chief medical officer for the American Lung Association, noted that the organisation’s opposition to vaping predated the outbreak.
He disputed the perception that e-cigarettes are a safer alternative, and pointed to the lack of information about what chemicals they contain and the paucity of research about the effects of vaping.
“To say that something is safer than a product like cigarettes that kills seven million people in the world each year because of tobacco-related disease, and half a million people in this country, is not saying a lot,” Rizzo said.
“We have no evidence of whether it’s safe at all. There’s just no scientific basis for that.”
A new generation of young people addicted
The rise of vaping comes after at least two decades of great success in decreasing smoking rates across the country, and has health experts concerned that those gains could be reversed.
Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is highly addictive and especially harmful to young people, whose brains are still developing. (The human brain is still developing until you turn 25 or so.) Nicotine can harm the parts of the brain that handle memory, attention and learning.
It’s also illegal for minors to vape. (A growing number of states have even raised the vaping age to 21.) And using e-cigarettes may make teenagers more likely to smoke real cigarettes in the future. Rizzo noted that the vast majority of current smokers became addicted before they were 18.
Some people may not realise how much nicotine they’re ingesting as they puff away. A typical pod made by Juul can contain as much nicotine as a pack of cigarettes and is designed to last for about 200 puffs.
“We have a new generation of young people in high school and middle school that are now nicotine addicted,” Rizzo said. “We don’t know what the dangers of e-cigarettes are.”
What about THC?
While many people use e-cigarettes to inhale nicotine, some use it for THC, the high-inducing chemical found in marijuana. A large portion of the recent cases of lung illness were in patients who vaped THC.
The Food and Drug Administration said that a significant subset of samples of vaping fluid used by sick patients also contained a compound called vitamin E acetate, which has been a subject of further investigation. The FDA has warned people to avoid vaping THC.
A minority of the people who got sick said they had used e-cigarettes containing only nicotine — but there were also concerns that some young people were not being entirely forthcoming about their vaping habits.
Public health officials are warning people against vaping
Public health officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have recommended that people refrain from vaping as the agency investigates the illnesses. They stressed that young people, pregnant women and nonsmokers should never vape. They also cautioned people who do use e-cigarettes to monitor themselves for symptoms of lung illness, like coughing and chest pain.
An editorial in The New England Journal of Medicine this month stated bluntly that doctors should discourage people from vaping and reiterated that e-cigarettes should never be used by nonsmokers.
The acting commissioner of the FDA, Ned Sharpless, has said that the issue of tobacco control in the e-cigarette era keeps him up at night. The agency got authority over what it calls “electronic nicotine delivery systems” only in 2016, and is now working on new research and regulations.
In a statement, Sharpless noted the inherent paradox of e-cigarettes: While they were pitched as a way to get smokers to stop lighting up, they hooked a new generation that may end up smoking traditional cigarettes to get that fix.
The New York Times
Superfoods for a thriving heart
Heart ailments are the leading cause of mortality around the world. Moderating your salt intake is, perhaps, the most important thing one can do to protect the heart. Researchers have also found certain foods that can contribute in keeping the heart healthy. Here’s a list of the most commonly available ones.
Berries: Blueberries and strawberries contain anthocyanins, which can help reduce a person’s blood pressure.
Bananas: Bananas contain plenty of potassium, a mineral that plays a vital role in managing hypertension. Other potassium rich foods include avocado, cantaloupe and honeydew melon, halibut, mushrooms, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, tuna and beans.
Beets: Researchers suggest that high levels of inorganic nitrate in beets can help reduce blood pressure.
Dark chocolate: About 30 grams of chocolate that contains a minimum of 70 per cent cocoa can be had every day.
Kiwi: A daily serving of kiwi can reduce blood pressure in people with mildly elevated levels, according to results of one study. Kiwi are also rich in vitamin C, which may significantly improve blood pressure readings in people who consumed around 500 mg of the vitamin every day for about eight weeks.
Watermelon: The fruit contains an amino acid called citrulline, which can help manage high blood pressure.
Oats: They contain a type of fiber called beta-glucan, which can reduce blood cholesterol levels. Beta-glucan also lowers blood pressure according to some research.
Leafy green vegetables: They are rich in nitrates, which help manage blood pressure. Some research papers suggest that eating 1-2 servings of nitrate-rich vegetables every day can reduce hypertension for up to 24 hours.
Garlic: Eating garlic can increase a person’s nitric oxide levels. Garlic is a natural antibiotic and anti-fungal food. Its main active ingredient, allicin, is often responsible for associated health benefits.
Fermented foods: They are rich in probiotics — beneficial bacteria that play an important role in maintaining gut health.
Lentils: They are an excellent source of vegetarian protein and fiber.
Pomegranate: Drinking a cup of pomegranate juice daily for 28 days can lower high blood pressure.
Cinnamon: An analysis has showed that cinnamon decreased short-term systolic blood pressure by 5.39 mm Hg & diastolic blood pressure by 2.6mm Hg.
Mushroom: It’s consumption is associated with less plaque formation in the brain.
Fatty Fish: Like Salmon, Trout and sardines are rich source of Omega 3 fatty acids.
Green Tea: it is loaded with antioxidants that can prevent cell death and ageing by targeting free radicals.
Chia Seeds: It’s a plant alternate to fatty fish and has highest amount of Omega 3 fatty acids that reduce triglycerides, It’s also rich in Magnesium, calcium, Fiber, which are beneficial for the heart.
Avocados: Another superfood to lower bad cholesterol.
Walnuts and Almonds: Great source of fiber and micronutrients.
Vegetable prices decline by almost 39% on increase in new season harvests
Prices of green vegetables have declined by up to 39 per cent in the past three weeks...
Yes, Knives Out Is Technically A Star Wars Crossover
Rather than immediately jump back into the Star Wars universe after delivering The Last Jedi to the masses at the...
Half of The Suicide Squad Cast Unite in First Production Photo Shared by James Gunn
Some of The Suicide Squad cast united with James Gunn over the weekend. The director posted a picture of himself...
Former Disney Artist Imagines What The X-Men Could Look Like In The MCU
Marvel Comics has countless beloved characters on their pages, although some have been able to stand out as fan favorites....
Here’s why cut in corporate taxes failed to cheer the mining sector
The government’s latest move to pare corporation taxes has failed to perk up the mining sector already...
The Shining 4K Restoration Is Coming to Theaters Ahead of Doctor Sleep
Horror fans have reason to celebrate, as The Shining is heading back to theaters in its newly restored, 4K version....
How Hollywood Has Reacted To Sid Haig’s Death
Last night, the Emmys honored those industry figures that passed away over the last year in the In Memoriam segment,...
Debenture trustee sells Rs 200 crore of Zee Entertainment shares
Catalyst Trusteeship, acting on behalf of one or few debenture holders, sold Rs 204 crore worth of...
Bill Murray Spotted Near Ghostbusters 2020 Set with Dan Aykroyd & Sigourney Weaver
Video footage of Bill Murray near the Ghostbusters 2020 set in Calgary has been revealed. Fans of the Ghostbusters franchise...
Walt Disney World Fans’ Petition To Keep PhotoPass Photographers Goes Viral
A vacation at Walt Disney World is potentially the trip of a lifetime. For many of the theme parks’ guests,...
News1 week ago
HSSC Clerk Admit Card 2019
Film News5 days ago
First Gemini Man Clip Brings Will Smith Face to Face with His Junior Self
Film News5 days ago
Chhichhore: Shraddha Kapoor is all praise for Sajid Nadiadwala for believing in the film :Latest Bollywood News
Health1 week ago
A dog owner more likely to smoke, yet have better heart health: Study
Film News1 week ago
EXCLUSIVE: John Abraham approached for Mohit Suri’s Ek Villain 2 :Latest Bollywood News
West Bengal Lottery Result1 week ago
GOA STATE LOTTERIES RAJSHREE MAGIC SOM WEEKLY LOTTERY 16/09/2019 04:30 PM
Film News4 days ago
Kaappaan Public Review and Theatre Response Live!
Film News1 week ago
Rakul Preet Singh buys a team in Tennis Premier League :Latest Bollywood News