Happy Pongal 2020: Pongal festival is one of the major festivals of South India. This festival is celebrated in most parts of South India when the festival of Makar Sankranti and Lohri is celebrated in North India. From one part of the country to the other there is a colorful hue of festivals. The three festivals of Makar Sankranti, Lohri and Pongal show the human connection to nature and these festivals are a festival of gratitude towards nature. Pongal is celebrated in South India for 4 days.
The first day of Pongal is called Bhogi Pongal. On this day, Devraj Indra is worshiped and the best rain is prayed to him. On this day, fruits, flowers, and sweets are dedicated to please Indra Dev. All the people of the house get up early in the morning cleaning the house and in the evening burn the dung cakes and wood. The women of the house sing and dance around the bonfire, expressing gratitude to the god of the seasons for the new harvest.
Thai Pongal is the second day of Pongal. On the second day of Pongal, people boil turmeric, rice, and milk in a pot of clay outside the house before the sun god and offer this food to the Sun God. Also, sugarcane, coconut, bananas are also offered. On this day people worship Lord Surya.
On this day, traditional artwork is done by the houses with lime powder but it is also called Rangoli or Kolam. It is considered very auspicious. Kolam is made by the women of the house after taking a bath in the morning. In the evening, all wear clean clothes and meet each other and eat rice.
Mattu Pongal is the third day of Pongal. This day is dedicated to cows and bulls. On this day, they are decorated with bells and flowers. Because on this day Lord Shiva cursed his bull Basava and told him to stay on earth forever. That is why the bulls have been doing the work of harvesting and plowing crops since that time. Jallikattu game is also played on the day of Mattoo Pongal.
The fourth day of Pongal is Kanum Pongal. It is also called Kanu Pongal. A ritual is performed on this day. On this day the dishes are decorated in the courtyard on turmeric leaves with betel leaves, sugarcane, and betel nut. On this day, women perform aarti of their brothers with limestone, turmeric oil and rice and wish them a happy life. After that everyone sits together and eats food.