Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is called colitis. There are many types of this. Infection is caused by infection, poor blood supply, or parasites. In all these conditions, inflammation, irritation, and cramps occur in the colon. Many times symptoms like abdominal pain, diarrhea, and torsion emerge in this disease.
Colitis infection is usually caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Sometimes it can also be caused by dirty water, food poisoning, or hydrogen.
Inflammatory bowel syndrome (IBD) – IBD is a group of chronic disease that causes inflammation of the digestive system. Two main types of IBD – Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Ischemic colitis – When the blood flow in one part of the colon decreases, it can cause ischemic colitis.
Allergic reaction – Allergic colitis is found in children more than adults. Especially in newborn babies. This disease affects about two-three percent of infants.
Microscopic colitis – Microscopic colitis is caused by an increase in lymphocytes. This colitis can only be seen through a microscope.
Sometimes medicines cause colon infection.
Sometimes, some anti-inflammatory medicines also cause inflammation in the colon. Most of the doctors consider NSAIDS medicine as the condition. This medicine is used for a long time in many people, especially in the elderly. Because of this also there is a risk of colitis infection.
Symptoms – There are many reasons behind colon infection. If the causes of infection are different, the symptoms will also be different. Some symptoms are common. Symptoms such as fever, uncontrollable loose motion, nausea, dizziness, sickness, weight loss, and constant tiredness are prominent among them. Many times a terrible stomach ache is felt during diarrhea. In such conditions, one should immediately go to the doctor.
Treatment – Doctors say that the treatment depends on the type of colitis. Treatment includes anti-inflammatory medications, antibiotics, supplements, surgery and some changes in daily lifestyle.