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Bid adieu to summer tan



Tan is the one thing that has been inevitable this summer season. While no one minds a healthy, Greek god-tan, excessive tanning is a sign of skin damage. If you are someone who is completely done with layering your body with various products to remove your tan, and are looking for natural alternatives, then we’ve got you covered.

Save the hands: While the amount of tan on your face is most noticeable, the one part of your body which is prey to maximum amount of tan are your arms. Arms tend to be the most exposed part of the body, and yet we tend to do very little to protect them. So here is how you can remove the tan from your arms:

Sweet Yogurt mask: Mix 1tbsp of yogurt with ½ tbsp of turmeric powder and 1tbsp of honey. Apply the concoction evenly on your arms before rinsing it with cold water. We are all well aware of turmeric’s anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and any itchiness or redness because of the tan is certainly going to reduce.

Goodbye to oily glow: Are you someone who needs a blotting paper every 20 minutes to absorb the excess oil from your face? The problem of excessive oil accumulation on the surface of your face is a sign of blocked pores and how your skin is struggling with the dust and pollution outside. While a regular trip to the salon might sound like a herculean task this summer, a TLC session for your skin should be definitely on the cards. The best way to treat your deteriorating skin is with the help of:

Fuller’s Earth sweet aloe pack: All you need is 1tbsp of fuller’s earth (Multani mitti), 1tbsp of aloe vera and 1tbsp of honey. Mix the concoction thoroughly and apply it all over your face focusing more on the T-zone. Let the mask dry for at least 20 minutes before you rinse it off with cold water.

Spot on: Have you noticed how pesky spots and blemishes increase tremendously in summers? Well, when you expose your skin to sun, your body releases melanin in order to protect itself from the UV rays of the sun. The more you expose your skin to the sun, the more melanin it will produce. This can lead to blemishes and pigmentation for many skin types. If you want to treat your skin with kindness for everything it has done for you then this is what you need:

Glycerine lime serum: All you need is 5tbsp glycerine along with 5tbsp of lemon juice. Mix it nicely and make sure that the serum is not too watery. You can always increase the amount of glycerine to get a perfect

consistency. Apply the serum on a clean face, let your face absorb it for some time and then wash it off with cold water. The best part about this serum is its amazing shelf life. If your lazy habits kick in, which can make one weary of taking the extra mile for your skin, then this serum might just be your saviour. You can store this serum for up to three weeks and use it every other night before you head to bed.

We all know taking care of one’s skin is a mammoth task but nevertheless, it is crucial for you. While a regular TLC might not be on the cards for you, these easy tips and tricks can definitely help you beat the heat this summer.

Nirupama Parwanda is a dermatologist and founder of Zolie Skin Clinic



4 of 5 Indian children do not survive cancer. What led to this sorry state?



How long does a cancer diagnosis take?

Six months, according to Bipin Jana, 45, whose eight-year-old son Parmeshwar has stage-4 Hodgkin’s lymphoma. That is how long it took the family, travelling 2,000 km across West Bengal, New Delhi and finally, Mumbai, to get an effective diagnosis and start treatment.

Parmeshwar is currently undergoing chemotherapy at the Tata Memorial Hospital (TMH), Mumbai, India’s foremost

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Vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids may help children with autism



Children with autism who take supplements of vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids may have fewer symptoms than kids who don’t, a research review suggests.

Researchers examined data from 27 trials involving a total of 1,028 children with autism spectrum disorder. Kids were randomly selected to take various dietary supplements, including vitamins or omega-3s, or to take a dummy pill instead.

Omega-3s and vitamin supplements were more effective than the placebo pill at improving several symptoms, functions, and clinical domains, researchers report in Pediatrics. Gains varied in the trials but included improved language and social skills, reduced repetitive behaviours, improved attention, less irritability and behaviour difficulties, and better sleep and communication.

“These results suggest that some dietary interventions could play a role in the clinical management of some areas of dysfunction specific to ASD,” said David Fraguas, lead author of the study and a researcher at Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon and Universidad Complutense de Madrid in Spain.

Even though the analysis was based on controlled experiments — the gold standard for testing the effectiveness of medical interventions — the individual studies were too varied in what supplements they tested and how they measured results to draw any broad conclusions about what type or amount of supplements might be ideal for children with autism, researchers note in Pediatrics.

“The underlying mechanisms involved in the potential efficacy of dietary interventions in autism spectrum disorder are unknown, Fraguas said by email. “Our study does not assess this important question and current literature is inconclusive.”


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New transplant research aims to salvage infected donated organs



Retired subway and bus driver Stanley De Freitas had just celebrated his 70th birthday when he started coughing, tiring easily and feeling short of breath. He was diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis, a severe scarring of the lungs, and put on the wait list for a transplant.

“Life became unbearable. From the time I got up in the morning until when I went to bed at night, I struggled through every breath of air,” De Freitas, now 74, told Reuters by phone from his home in Toronto.

After two years, De Freitas was offered a lung, with one significant downside: The donor had hepatitis C.

In October 2017, he became the first patient enrolled in a just published study conducted at Toronto General Hospital testing a technique that aimed to flush out and inactivate the hepatitis C virus from donor lungs before a transplant.

The research comes amid a spike in available organs linked to the opioid overdose crisis, meaning many are contaminated by hepatitis C as the virus is commonly spread by sharing needles. Since it can easily infect an organ recipient, those organs are usually discarded despite the urgent need.

Data from the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), which matches donors with recipients, shows that 97 percent of people waiting for a lung in the United States last year were unwilling to accept an organ from a donor who tested positive for hepatitis C.

While hepatitis C causes serious liver disease, the virus can be present in the blood in other organs.

Researchers are testing different approaches to salvage infected organs.

A study published in April showed that giving patients antiviral therapy just hours after transplant surgery can successfully attack the virus before it gains a foothold in the recipient.

Eliminating the virus prior to transplant would simplify the procedure for patients, said UNOS Chief Medical Officer David Klassen. It could also significantly cut down on wasted donor organs.

The technique used in Toronto, known as ex vivo lung perfusion, keeps organs “alive” outside the body by pumping them with a bloodless oxygenated liquid. They used ultraviolet C light to irradiate the solution, aiming to deactivate the hepatitis C virus and make it non-infectious.

Perfusion allows doctors to evaluate and potentially rehabilitate organs for transplant, and buys them more time than storage in ice boxes, which can cause tissue damage.

Toronto researchers used a solution from Sweden’s Xvivo Perfusion AB with the hospital’s own ex vivo lung perfusion system, a bubble-like machine made from off-the-shelf components and an intensive care ventilator.

The study of 22 patients, published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine on Wednesday, had mixed results. Adding light therapy significantly decreased the amount of virus, but all but two of the patients contracted hepatitis C, which is now curable.

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